Global electric vehicle sales up 160% in H1 2021 despite supply constraints
In its latest report on the global electric vehicle market, Canalys estimates that during the first half (H1) of 2021, 2.6 million electric vehicles (EVs) were sold on a global basis, up 160% on H1 2020. EVs include fully electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. The growth of EV sales far exceeded that of the total global car market, which was up 26%, with demand returning as COVID-19 restrictions eased in many markets, though overall car sales are still below pre-pandemic levels.
Strong demand for EVs has continued into 2021, specifically in the two leading markets, Mainland China and Europe. 1.1 million EVs were sold in H1 2021 in Mainland China, accounting for 12% of all passenger cars sold there. 1 million EVs were sold in Europe, accounting for 15% of new cars. Sales of EVs in the two markets represented a combined 87% of all EV sales worldwide. In comparison, the US EV market continues to lag. 250,000 EVs were sold in the US in H1 2021, just 3% of new cars sold.
China is the largest EV market
“Demand for EVs remains buoyant in Mainland China. 1.1 million were sold in H1 2021 – nearly as many as were sold in the whole of 2020,” said Chris Jones, Chief Analyst and VP, Automotive and Emobility at Canalys. “Only 6% of cars sold in 2020 in Mainland China were EVs – it will be more than double that for full-year 2021.” Tesla’s success in Mainland China has motivated Chinese carmakers to quickly expand their EV offerings. EVs from brands such as Aion, BYD, Li Xiang, NIO and Xpeng are selling well, but it is the tiny Hongguang Mini EV from Wuling that is currently outselling all other EVs on the market. Four of the top 10 best-selling EVs in H1 2021 were small city cars.
With strong consumer demand for EVs and huge long-term opportunity, one of China’s most successful consumer technology companies, Xiaomi, has set its sights on the Chinese EV market with a proposed US$10 billion investment. “It is not surprising that Xiaomi is interested in the EV market, but if it wants to compete in the premium sector, it must match or beat Tesla for technology, and match or beat it on price – not easy with your first car,” said Jones.
Europe has highest EV adoption
“In some European countries, EVs represent more than a quarter of new cars sold. Norway remains the global leader for EV adoption at over 80% of new car sales. Companies are expanding their EV line-ups, offering consumers greater choice. The European Union has set emissions targets for carmakers. Individual European countries offer consumer incentives and have set targets to ban the sale of combustion engine vehicles,” said Sandy Fitzpatrick, VP, Automotive and Emobility at Canalys. “The challenge for the carmakers is keeping up with EV demand during the component shortage crisis.”
US playing catch-up
Recognizing the poor EV uptake in the US, particularly compared with Mainland China, President Biden has proposed a US$174 billion investment with incentives and substantial charging infrastructure deployments to “win the EV market” and has committed to 40% to 50% of all new cars sales being EVs by 2030.
“When governments commit to supporting the EV market with incentives, targets, penalties and investment, consumer adoption will increase – but it will not happen overnight, especially in the diverse US market,” said Fitzpatrick, “One of the reasons for the slow uptake of EVs in the US is limited vehicle choice. But carmakers are set to launch the first EVs in the hugely popular pick-up truck segment in the US soon. If they’re successful, the perception of EVs should quickly change.”
Despite a global shortage of components, production interruptions due to the pandemic, and the longer-term weakness in the overall market, the EV sector continued to be a bright spot in the industry in H1 2021.
Here’s a breakdown of how the top five car manufacturers selling EVs performed:
- Tesla led the worldwide market with a 15% share. With production in Mainland China in its second year, sales there remained strong. Tesla has been overtaken in Europe but continues to dominate in the US.
- Volkswagen Group was second with a 13% market share, and it led in Europe. VW has been successful with its ID family of EVs. But having delivered vehicles to early customers, VW, like many other carmakers, faces a backlog of orders and long customer lead times due to chip shortages. Other brands in the group have also expanded their EV ranges.
- SGMW, the combination of SAIC, GM and Wuling, came third with an 11% market share. The big success in the group has been the Hongguang Mini EV in China.
- BMW Group came fourth with a 6% share in H1 2021. BMW and Mini have launched several EVs recently, with more to come across its vehicle segments.
- Stellantis was fifth with 6% share. It will introduce four new EV platforms to use across vehicles from the 14 brands in the group. The Fiat 500 EV had a successful launch in early 2021, while several EVs from the former PSA Group have helped its sales volumes.